- Post-Legislative Scrutiny in India
The Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR), also known as the House of Representatives, is made up of elected members from political parties participating in general elections. It has effectively integrated a systematic Post-Legislative Scrutiny (PLS) into its committee. The findings from the PLS play a crucial role in determining the legislative agenda and deciding the need for repeal or amendment of specific laws.
The House of Representatives is well-equipped with each committee assisted by 10 to 20 specialists. The significance of PLS was formalised in the legislative process with the amendment of the law in September 2019.
- Citizen engagement in South Korea
The Korean National Assembly has a long-standing practice of receiving and addressing public petitions, dating back to the Petition Act of 1961 and the revision of the National Assembly Act in 1988. To further enhance this tradition, it introduced the Sinmungo e-petition platform in 2020. Petitions that receive over 100 signatures within 30 days are published, while petitions with over 100,000 signatures in less than 30 days are referred to a special committee.
The National Assembly’s Petitions Support Center manages all e-petitions and has so far seen 18 petitions referred to the special committee. The adopted petitions, along with an “opinion report,” are then forwarded to the government. Post which, any further steps taken by the government concerning the petition are reported to the National Assembly.
- Technology-driven Parliament in Bahrain
The Shura Council of Bahrain faced challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic as it sought to transition its operations online, including remote work, virtual committees and plenary sessions, and online voting. In response, the council focused on four technological advancements: migrating to the cloud, enhancing member support, promoting mobility, and reinforcing cybersecurity.
AI-powered solutions were developed, including speech-to-text for legislative reporting in the Bahraini dialect, live captioning of online video content, and a document search chatbot. In 2022, a comprehensive five-year plan was created to utilise AI applications in services and procedures. Furthermore, the Council plans to bring on board AI experts within parliament to drive these advancements forward.