From Promises to Policies: Mizoram’s 2023 Manifestos

The Mizoram Assembly Elections of 2023 have been planned for a single-phase vote on November 7. The results, which will decide the fate of the 40-member assembly, will be announced on December 3, 2023.

Presently, the state is governed by the Mizo National Front (MNF). As the election approaches, it’s essential to delve into the manifestos of various political parties to understand their vision and promises for the state’s future.

Mizo National Front promises ‘unification’ of Zo People under one Administration: 

The ruling Mizo National Front (MNF) in Mizoram has made a significant promise of “Zo unification,” emphasizing the protection and welfare of the Zo people. MNF government has provided shelter to Chin refugees from Myanmar and support to Kuki individuals displaced by violence in Manipur. This promise aligns with Kuki community aspirations for a separate administration in Manipur, despite the central government’s rejection. MNF also commits to implementing the Mizo Peace Accord of 1986 and protecting the state’s borders. 1   

Zoramthanga, the current Chief Minister of Mizoram and leader of the Mizo National Front (MNF), represents the Aizawl East-I constituency since 2018. He secured victory in the 2018 Assembly Election by defeating an independent candidate and previously served as the Chief Minister of Mizoram from 1998 to 2008.

Tawnluia, another prominent MNF leader, currently holds the position of Deputy Chief Minister of Mizoram. He represents the Tuichang constituency since 2018, having also won the 2018 Assembly Election by defeating an independent candidate. Tawnluia was previously an MLA from Lokicherra in 1998 and 2003.

The Congress Party Manifesto:  

The Congress party’s manifesto for the upcoming Mizoram Assembly elections encompasses a wide array of promises and initiatives.

These include the reintroduction of the old pension scheme, offering affordable LPG cylinders to economically disadvantaged households, and providing generous health insurance coverage. The party also emphasizes empowering local government bodies, investing in infrastructure development, supporting farmers and entrepreneurs through the ‘Tang Puihna’ scheme, and creating job opportunities for the state’s youth. 2Additionally, they pledge to ensure financial security for senior citizens with a monthly old-age pension and allocate funds for healthcare assistance, particularly for those battling serious illnesses. Notably, the Congress party’s commitment to gender representation is demonstrated by the nomination of Meriam L. Hrangchal as a candidate, challenging societal norms. These initiatives collectively reflect the party’s vision for social welfare, economic growth, healthcare, and gender equality in Mizoram.

Lalsawta, a member of the Mizoram Congress, is contesting from the Aizawl West-III constituency. He serves as the President of Mizoram Congress and previously held the position of Mizoram’s Finance Minister from 2008 to 2018. Lalsawta also represented Aizawl East-II in 2008 and 2013.

Zoram People’s Movement (ZPM) Manifesto:

In the lead-up to the 2023 Mizoram Assembly Elections, the Zoram People’s Movement (ZPM) is emerging as a fresh and independent political force. Led by Lalduhoma, the party advocates for innovative governance with a focus on public participation and decentralization. They promise financial prudence through austerity measures, distinguishing themselves from the current government.3 ZPM also emphasizes compassionate treatment of refugees, particularly Zo ethnic people. They see the Manipur issue as a potential challenge for the ruling Mizo National Front (MNF) and position themselves as an alternative for transformative governance, criticizing the BJP’s role in Mizoram’s political landscape.

Lalduhoma, the leader of the Zoram People’s Movement (ZPM) and a former IPS officer, won in the 2018 Assembly Election from the Serchhip constituency. He has been elected as the Leader of the Opposition and was previously a member of the Zoram Nationalist Party (ZNP) and briefly the Mizo National Front (MNF).

BJP’s Manifesto:

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has unveiled its ‘Vision Document 2023‘ for the upcoming Mizoram Assembly Election, outlining a comprehensive vision for the state’s development. In the field of livelihood and economic growth, they introduce the “LOTUS scheme” to enhance the quality of life and livelihoods for Mizoram’s people. Addressing the issue of drug addiction, the BJP pledges “Operation Drug Free Mizoram” to combat addiction and provide support. They commit to improving education through “Mission EDU Upgrade” and “Zirlai Simathawana Mission,” along with prioritizing sports development and healthcare upgrades. Empowering women with financial assistance and job reservations is a significant part of their agenda.4 The BJP also emphasizes urban and rural infrastructure development, farming assistance, anti-corruption measures, and resolving border disputes. Their vision seeks to celebrate Mizoram’s culture and bolster its economy and tourism.Vanlalhmuaka, representing the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), is the State President of BJP in Mizoram and is contesting from the Dampa constituency. He previously contested in 2018 from Serlui and was elected as the state BJP president in 2020.”From Promises to Policies: Mizoram’s 2023 Manifestos”

  1. Karmakar, R. (2023, October 28). ‘Zo unification’ is a running theme in Mizoram; MNF makes it a promise. The Hindu. Retrieved November 3, 2023, from ↩︎
  2. Ani. (2023, October 23). Congress releases Mizoram manifesto; promises LPG cylinders at Rs 750, health insurance up to Rs 15 lakh f. The Economic Times, Retrieved November 3, 2023, from ↩︎
  3. PTI. (2023, November 3). ZPM not to join NDA or INDIA bloc if comes to power in Mizoram: Lalduhoma. The Hindu. Retrieved November 3, 2023, from ↩︎
  4. Livemint. (2023, October 27). Mizoram Election 2023: BJP promises Lotus scheme,  ₹1.5 lakh for girl child in manifesto, Mint, Retrieved November 3, 2023, from ↩︎

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