In the diverse and dynamic landscape of India, the politics of good governance has emerged as a central theme, resonating deeply with the populace. This shift towards valuing efficiency, transparency, and accountability in administration marks a significant transformation in the Indian political landscape. The recent elections have again shown the power of good governance in the manifestos of political parties. That these elections have centred on various elements of governance and service deliveries to the people, is a sign of maturity of our democracy.
The Shift Towards Good Governance
The concept of good governance in India is not new, but its prioritization is. Historically, Indian politics was heavily influenced by identity politics, regionalism, and patronage systems. Votes were demanded and cast on the basis of caste or language. However, in recent years, there has been a noticeable shift. People across the country, cutting across social, economic, and regional lines, are increasingly valuing the principles of good governance by making demands on the political parties for their basic necessities such as employment, health,. Education and prosperity.
This change can be attributed to several factors. The rise of the middle class, increased access to information through digital media, and greater awareness of global standards of governance have played crucial roles. The younger generation, in particular, is more demanding of accountability and efficiency in government services.
Good Governance in Practice
Good governance manifests in various forms – from the implementation of policies and programs to the day-to-day administration of government services. In India, this has been evident in several areas like digital initiatives, anti-corruption measures, decentralization of power and public participation. Government has taken various initiatives such as weeding out old and obsolete laws, rationalising compliances and facilitating ease of doing business.
Impact of Good Governance
The impact of good governance in India has been multifaceted. Economically, it has led to a more streamlined and efficient system that has boosted investor confidence and facilitated ease of doing business. The adoption of technology driven governance has helped in the more effective delivery of government services, impacting areas like healthcare, education, and welfare.
Moreover, good governance has also led to a more informed and engaged citizenry. People are now more aware of their rights and the standards of service they should expect from their government. Consequently corruption in government services have come down substantially.
The rise of new age technology has reduced bureaucratic bottlenecks and red tape to a great extent. Backed by efficient digital platforms, government services are now being provided to the eligible citizens in much shorter time frame compared to the previous times. Despite these positive developments, however, there are still challenges on the ground. Despite best of intentions and technology, last mile delivery of services are still beset by leakages in the system. New ways of siphoning off government aid to the poor are being used by the unscrupulous elements. This problem is more severe in case of the most marginalized sections of society. There have been numerous instances of fraud where criminal elements use advances in technology to defraud people of their money. All these things present governance issues which need to be handled.
Moreover, with the increasing use of technology, there are concerns about data privacy and the digital divide. Ensuring that digital governance initiatives are inclusive and accessible to all remains a significant challenge.
The Indian populace’s firm embrace of the politics of good governance is a positive and transformative development. It reflects a maturing democracy where citizens are increasingly aware of their rights and the standards of governance they deserve. While challenges exist, the overall trajectory towards better governance holds promise for a more efficient, transparent, and equitable India in the coming years. As this journey continues, it is imperative for both the government and citizens to collaboratively work towards sustaining and strengthening the principles of good governance.