The comprehensive development of the nation necessitates the active involvement of its youth, who make up over a quarter of the total population. In response to this imperative, the inaugural National Youth Policy (NYP) was formulated in 1988, with a focus on addressing developmental issues pertinent to the youth. This policy underwent revisions in 2003, emphasizing values such as patriotism, morality, and gender justice. Recognizing the evolving needs, a decision was made in 2012 to revisit the existing policy, leading to the introduction of NYP 2014.
The NYP 2014 characterized “youth” as individuals aged between 15 and 29 years. Recognizing this demographic as the “most dynamic and vibrant segment” of the population, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports crafted the latest NYP 2021. This policy outlines a 10-year vision for youth development, aiming to realize significant gains by the year 2030.
About the National Youth Parliament Scheme: 1
Since gaining independence, the Union Government has instituted numerous initiatives for youth development, such as the Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS), the National Cadet Corps (NCC), and the National Service Scheme (NSS).
The National Youth Parliament Scheme is another initiative taken by the Government to raise awareness regarding the functioning of Parliament among the youth.
The Youth Parliament Scheme aims to instill self-discipline, tolerance for diverse opinions, the righteous expression of views, and other virtues associated with a democratic way of life in the younger generations. This initiative also familiarizes students with the workings and protocols of Parliament, imparts skills in discussion and debate techniques, and enhances their self-confidence, leadership qualities, and the art and skill of persuasive oratory.
Under this scheme, simulated sessions are arranged for the participants providing them with a platform to express their opinions and gain insights into parliamentary functions. To streamline the implementation of the scheme, the government has developed a dedicated web portal. Managed by the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, this portal offers students access to a range of e-training materials, encompassing training videos, books, tutorials, and additional resources.
The scheme encompasses several key features to enhance civic education and engagement among students. Mock sessions will be organized for students enrolled in schools and universities, aiming to familiarize them with parliamentary functions. The initiative also provides a dedicated website through which students can access e-training materials, promoting a comprehensive understanding of parliamentary procedures.
Accredited educational institutions, spanning from grades 9 to 12 (Kishor Sabha) and including graduation and post-graduation levels (Tarun Sabha), are eligible to participate. The program encourages participation in any of the scheduled languages, with Hindi and English being the preferred choices. Each youth parliament session is designed for a group of 50 to 55 students.
Notably, all the participants of the Youth Parliament will receive a participation certificate, recognizing their contribution to this educational initiative.
About Mera Yuva Bharat Initiative:2
To commemorate Sardar Patel’s birth anniversary, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Mera Yuva Bharat (MY Bharat) during the 106th episode of Mann Ki Baat on October 29, 2023.3 Emphasizing the active involvement of the country’s youth in various nation-building projects, PM Modi described MY Bharat as a pivotal, technology-driven facilitator for youth development and youth-led initiatives. The overarching objective is to provide inclusive opportunities that empower young individuals to realize their aspirations, contributing to the creation of a developed India.
The initiative seeks to establish a framework facilitating the active engagement of the nation’s youth with local communities. This engagement aims to enhance their understanding of regional challenges and empower them to actively participate in finding solutions. MY Bharat is a phygital platform, integrating physical activities with digital connectivity to create a seamless and comprehensive experience for the youth.
The National Youth Parliament Scheme and Mera Yuva Bharat Initiatives are integral to fostering active youth participation in nation-building. Encouraging engagement in politics and social development, these initiatives contribute to creating a diverse and inclusive atmosphere. As India strives to achieve developed nation status by 2047, the youth will have to emerge as pivotal drivers of growth and development during this transformative Amrit Kaal, symbolizing a critical era of progress and prosperity.